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Science Articles

Peer-Reviewed Research Articles on the Effects of Meditation

Bacteria make major evolutionary shift in the lab
"A major evolutionary innovation has unfurled right in front of researchers' eyes. And because the species in question is a bacterium, scientists have been able to replay history to show how this evolutionary novelty grew from the accumulation of unpredictable, chance events."

Historical contingency in the evolution of E. coli
"This paper is all about how accidents in the genetics of a population can shape its future evolutionary trajectory. It is describing how a new capability that requires some complex novelties can evolve, and it is saying plainly that in this case it is not by the fortuitous simultaneous appearance of a set of mutations, but is conditional on the genetic background of the population. That is, two populations may be roughly equivalent in fitness and phenotype, but the presence of (probably) neutral mutations in one may enable other changes that predispose it to particular patterns of change." -- PZ Myers

Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe
This primer in cosmological concepts is organized as follows:
-The main concepts of the Big Bang theory are introduced in the first section with scant regard to actual observations.
-The second section discusses the classic tests of the Big Bang theory that make it so compelling as the likely validdescription of our universe.
-The third section discusses observations that highlight limitations of the Big Bang theory and point to a more detailedmodel of cosmology than the Big Bang theory alone provides. As discussed in the first section, the Big Bang theorypredicts a range of possibilities for the structure and evolution of the universe.
-The final section discusses what constraints we can place on the nature of our universe based on current data, andindicates how WMAP furthers our understanding of cosmology.
-In addition, a few related topics are discussed based on commmonly asked questions.
The above article was taken from the following web site at NASA:




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